In some areas, horsewood cuts are used, where horses pull felled trees from the rainforest, which is more environmentally friendly than heavy machinery. Helicopter logging is also an alternative to the use of heavy machinery for wood production. This is what is happening in the Malaysian state of Sarawak. Sustainable management of the rainforest is done on several levels. International, national and local solutions can support the future of our tropical forests. Rubber tapping – more sustainable methods for using rainforests need to be followed, for example. B, when tapping rubber. There are also international agreements on the use of tropical hardwoods and logging. The International Tropical Woods Agreement was established in 2006 to “promote the expansion and diversification of international trade in tropical timber from sustainably managed and legally harvested forests and promote the sustainable management of tropical timber-producing forests.” 71 countries have signed the UN-sponsored agreement. International Agreements on the Use of Tropical Hardwood Keywords – Debt Reduction – countries are freed from part of their debt in exchange for the protection of their tropical forests.
Ecotourism – responsible trips to natural areas that preserve the environment, preserve the well-being of local people and can involve education. It is usually done in small groups and has minimal impact on the local ecosystem. Selective cutting – cutting mature or lower trees to encourage the growth of remaining trees in a forest or wood. Sustainability – measures and forms of progress that meet current needs without reducing the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Sustainable use of the rainforest is a use that allows current generations to earn a living from the forest without damaging the forest for future generations. It is clear that many of the current uses of the forest simply destroy it, with massive long-term repercussions. However, countries and populations of rain forests must earn a living and sustainable use of forests offers them the opportunity to do so. Instead of paying off debts, Brazil will use the money to preserve its Atlantic rain forest as well as the ecosystems of Cerrado and Caatinga. International agreements – Tropical hardwoods, such as mahogany, are in high demand in rich countries to make furniture. This high demand leads to an increase in the rate of illegal deforestation. To overcome these international agreements, there is a restriction of wood that does not come from a sustainable source imported into the countries.
FSC is an example. The Forest Stewardship Council buys sustainable wood and identifies these products with their logo so that traders know that the wood is being purchased sustainably. In 2004, ACTO was responsible for the Manaus Declaration, a contract to coordinate the development of approximately 7.5 million square kilometres of tropical forests. The declaration reaffirmed the commitment of Member States to promote the social and economic development of the Amazon and the preservation of its cultures. ACTO has also developed programs that allow student groups to learn more about the Amazon and has sponsored mutually beneficial agreements with different indigenous communities.