But he says that other “very important” countries in the Middle East will first make peace with Israel. In the 1980s, there was an act of violence in which Palestinians clashed with Jewish settlers in the occupied territories. In 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon to drive out the PLO. In 1987, Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank launched a series of violent protests against the Israeli authorities, known as the intifada or “shaking”. Shortly thereafter, King Hussein of Jordan renounced any administrative responsibility for the West Bank, thereby strengthening the PLO`s influence in that country. On November 15, 1988, when the intifada raged, Jasser Arafat proclaimed an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. A month later, he denounced terrorism, recognized the right of the State of Israel to exist and authorized the opening of “country for peace” negotiations with Israel. He thanked the King of Bahrain for “this vision of peace for the region,” based on “understanding and trust” between nations. The demonstrations showed banners bearing the words “treason,” “no to normalization with the (Israeli) occupiers” and “The Agreements of Shame.” In Tel Aviv, the word “peace” is projected in Hebrew, English and Arabic on the town hall.
On 4 September 1999, the Sharm el-Sheikh Memorandum was signed by representatives of Israel and the PLO. In Anrek, which both parties have committed to fully implement all agreements reached since September 1993, the outstanding issues of the current interim status, in particular those of the Wye River Memorandum of 23 October 1998, must be resolved. The French government has announced a second Middle East peace conference to be held in Paris in January 2017, which the Israelis have once again strongly rejected. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu verbally attacked the organizers, calling the conference a “rigged conference, manipulated by Palestinians under French patronage, to adopt additional anti-Israeli attitudes.” Representatives of the French government hosted representatives from 70 countries at the january 14, 2016 conference to “reaffirm their support for a just, lasting and comprehensive settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.” The joint declaration adopted by the participating countries at the end of the conference is available here. “On this day, let`s take the pulse of history. Long after the pandemic has disappeared, the peace we are making today will have existed. According to Haaretz, the peace declaration between Israel and Bahrain explicitly calls for a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians. Israel refused to engage in direct talks with the PLO, but in 1991 Israeli diplomats met with a joint Jordanian-Palestinian delegation at the Madrid peace conference. In 1992, the President of the Workers` Party, Yitzchak Rabin, Israeli Prime Minister, pledged to move the peace process forward quickly.