In December 2016, the Commission proposed modernising the customs union and extending bilateral trade relations to areas such as services, public procurement and sustainable development. The Commission`s proposal was based on extensive preparatory work during 2016, including a public consultation with stakeholders, a detailed impact assessment and a study by an external consultant. However, the Council has not yet adopted the mandate. The EU and Turkey are bound by a customs union agreement that came into force on 31 December 1995. The EU and Turkey meet regularly to discuss issues and best practices in implementing the agreement. Committees meet regularly. The following agreements have been replaced by the Eu-Turkey customs union: the customs union came into force on 31 December 1995. It applies to all industrial goods, but does not concern agriculture (except processed agricultural products), services or public procurement. Bilateral trade concessions apply to agricultural products as well as to coal and steel products. The Stabilization and Association Agreement with the European Communities and their member countries (ASA) is the existing legal framework governing the relations between the Republic of Macedonia and the European Union. The ASA`s trade and accompanying measures were implemented on 1 June 2001 as part of the Special Interim Agreement on Accompanying Measures between the Republic of Macedonia and the European Community. The agreement provided for an asymmetrical approach to trade in industrial and agricultural foodstuffs in the interest of the Republic of Macedonia. As a result, Macedonian industrial products will be duty-free exported to EU markets and trade in industrial products imported from the EU will be gradually liberalised over a ten-year period.
In the tenth year of the agreement (2011), two-way trade is duty-free. 4) Free trade agreement between the Republic of Macedonia and the Republic of TurkeyThe free trade agreement between the Republic of Macedonia and the Republic of Turkey governs trade between the two countries and is applicable from 1 September 2000. 5) Stabilization and Association Agreement 2) EFTA is a multilateral agreement concluded on 19.06.2000 in Zurich between the Republic of Macedonia and the Swiss Confederation, the Kingdom of Norway, the island and the Duchy of Lightness. In November 2001, the Parliament of the Republic of Macedonia ratified the agreement in November 2001 (Official Journal of the RM, No. 89/2001) and was adopted on 1 May. The agreement provides for an asymmetrical approach to trade in industrial and agricultural foodstuffs in the interest of the Republic of Macedonia. As a result, Macedonian industrial products are duty-free exported to EFTA markets and meet the needs of 12 million citizens. On the other hand, if imports into Macedonia from EFTA countries, trade in industrial products is carried out in different transitional periods, individually for each EFTA country, over a period of four, seven and nine years.